How to choose a bicycle

Your First Bicycle: Everything You Need to Know

1. What Style of Bike Do You Need?

This is the place to start. There’s a myriad of different styles of bike, and they’re all designed to fit certain disciplines.

Frames and components vary to cater for different road surfaces, luggage requirements, attitudes and levels of performance, as well as wallet sizes. You need to consider what sort of riding you plan to do, then choose a style of bike that suits your needs.

2. What Size Bicycle Do I Need?

Once you have determined the bicycle that bests suits, you’re ready to shop. However before you hand over your cash or credit card, you should do a fit to ensure the bicycle that best suits your riding style and needs is also the right physical size. Fitting the bike will go a long way towards how comfortable and successful it will be . The frame size of the bike must be right for you, otherwise cycling can become hard work and uncomfortable.
                                     Картинки по запросу bicycle tire sizes chart trek

3. Which Material Should You Choose for Your Bike Frame?

When we say aluminium we don’t mean pure aluminium but a mixture of 95-98 per cent aluminium with a few other metals thrown in – this is why you may see it referred to as alloy. Alloy fibre bikes are lighter, then  steel fibre bikes

4. Essential Accessories 

Whether you already have a bicycle or just purchased one, you should consider accessories to go with it. Some of these are essential such as a helmet, front and rear lights, gloves.

  • Helmets: Don't confuse wearing a helmet with bicycle safety. It's 100 times more important not to get hit in the first place. Make sure you know how to adjust your helmet to fit properly. If you wear it wrong it'll come off in a crash, erasing any safety benefit you might have gained. Used helmets may be less effective if they've been dropped or impacted in a collision, but if you're pressed for funds, a cheap helmet beats no helmet. A good helmet at a bike shop starts out at around $30, but the folks at a bike shop can also show you how to make sure it fits properly, which is important. Wearing a poorly-fitting helmet is often like wearing no helmet at all.

  • Lights: Maybe it's obvious that bikes need lights at night, but if it's so obvious then why do most night-time riders tool around in the dark, almost completely invisible to motorists? Most cyclists who get killed are hit at night, and most of them don't have lights. 

  • Gloves: If you're susceptible to hand injuries, routinely travel long distances on your bike or just need to wipe sweat from your brow during a ride, include gloves in your list of cycling accessories. The constant friction of handlebars moving against the skin of your hands - especially when they're damp with sweat - can cause blisters. Wearing gloves prevents blisters, chafing and other discomfort resulting from friction and road vibration.

Bicycle Types

  • Road (Racing) Bike

Designed for high-speed travel on paved surfaces, road bikes feature narrow tires, a short wheelbase, and a lightweight frame. They’re not designed to be ridden on rugged, unpaved surfaces—hence the name “road” bike. It’s particularly important to make sure your road bike is fit properly, as a poor fit can lead to discomfort and pain. Road bikes can be fitted with cargo racks, lighting systems, and fenders for commuting or touring.

Road bike handlebars typically come in one of two styles. Drop-bar handlebars give you many options for hand positioning, which can really make longer rides more enjoyable and less fatiguing. They allow you to change positions, not just of your hands but of your entire upper body. They also provide an aerodynamic position that decreases wind resistance, allowing you to go faster with less energy expended. However, the more streamlined riding position may put a strain on your back. Flat-bar handlebars can offer a more upright position, which for commuting or shorter distance recreational riding might be more appropriate.

  • Touring Bikes

If you’re looking to travel long distances and carry extra clothing and gear, consider a touring bike. Built for sustained comfort on the open road, these bikes feature sturdier components, a smoother ride, and lower gears than the average road bike. The lower gears make it possible to pedal heavy loads up steep inclines. Touring bikes have drop-bar handlebars, but they typically put you in a more upright position than road bikes. Touring bikes also include mounts for racks and fender attachments.

  • MTB — Mountain Bike

While they don’t go as fast as road bikes on the road, bike-shop quality mountain bikes are equipped to handle rugged trails and gravel roads. They typically feature lower gears, giving you the ability to climb steep terrain. The straight, wide handlebars give you better steering control and keep your fingers on the brake levers, so you are always at the ready no matter what surprise is around the corner. They also include better breaking systems, lower step-over clearance frames, and wider tires than most road bikes. Some higher priced models also feature lightweight frames. Overall, they are amazingly durable riding in off-road terrain.

Mountain bikes come in two basic varieties—hardtail bikes and full-suspension bikes. Hardtail bikes have a front suspension fork and a rigid main frame with no rear shocks. They are much less expensive than their full-suspension counterparts. Full-suspension bikes feature both front- and rear-suspension shocks, making them ideal for backcountry adventures and traversing more technical trails.

  • Hybrids

A cross between road bikes and mountain bikes, hybrids offer a nice blend of comfort, speed, and durability.  Good for short trips on paved roads—they make an excellent choice for commuting to work, exploring your city, or taking a leisurely ride through your local park. Hybrids offer the upright handlebar position that many people favor, and many come with suspension forks for an even smoother ride. They feature slimmer frames than mountain bikes, but are typically sturdier than road bikes. Hybrids also have narrower tires than mountain bikes, allowing them to travel faster on paved roads. However, they are generally not as fast as road bikes, and they lack the gear range of most mountain bikes. 

  • BMX Bikes

Картинки по запросу bmx bike

BMX bikes are made for competition biking on trails and courses. These single-gear bikes feature a lower profile than most bikes and include knobby tires with cable-operated caliper brakes on the front and rear. While they are great for street riding, dirt racing, and jumping ramps, the low seat position is generally uncomfortable for commuting over any distance.

  • Cyclocross Bikes

Cyclocross racing involves taking laps around a course that includes a variety of surface types such as pavement, dirt, gravel, and grass. Along the way, riders must dismount and carry their bikes around obstacles in the course. Cyclocross bikes are relatively lightweight, yet tough enough to handle extreme conditions. They feature knobby tires that can provide traction in various types of terrain.

  • Folding Bikes

When you’re traveling and storage space is limited, folding bikes make an excellent option. These lightweight yet sturdy bikes fold up for easy storage on boats, planes, trains, and automobiles. Folding bikes also make a good choice for commuters with limited storage space at home or in the office.

  • Fixed Gear Bikes

Картинки по запросу Fixed-Gear Bikes

Fixed-gear bikes, or fixies, lack the freewheel mechanism that allows riders to coast. They have only one gear. Traditionally associated with track cycling, fixed-gear bikes have gained popularity with urban biking enthusiasts for their light weight, low maintenance, and simple riding style.

  • Electric-Assist Bikes (E- Bikes)

Great for commuters who don’t want to arrive to work sweaty and out of breath, electric assist bikes feature battery-powered motors to help make climbing hills and travelling long distances a little easier. You can adjust the amount of assistance you receive from the motor—built-in sensors monitor how much pressure you’re putting on the pedals and apply battery power accordingly. These bikes are heavier than most bikes, making them a little harder to ride when the motor is turned off.

  • Tandem Bikes

Tandem bikes feature an extra seat and a second set of pedals, allowing two people to ride together. These bikes offer a fun way for families and couples to get around—especially when one rider is weaker than the other.